We don't generally think of skin as an organ, but it is. A living organ, which is constantly being renewed and which is also the largest and heaviest in our body. For this reason, and especially on the face, we have to think about how to delay the appearance of wrinkles and have a more hydrated skin.
It is not simply the wrapping that covers us, but that it fulfills some very important functions:
Defensive Function: In addition to the effect of separating the exterior, the skin serves as a defense at three levels: microbiological, by preventing, thanks to the microbiota, those pathogenic germs settle on it; from physical factors such as the sun and pollution; and chemical factors such as cleaners and other substances and / or cosmetics that we apply on it.
Information Transmission Function: Thanks to sensory receptors and nerve endings, the skin allows us to receive information from the outside world in the form of sensations: cold, heat, pain...
Exchange Function and Homeostasis: The skin is one of those responsible for regulating body temperature, maintaining the balance between the inside of the body and the outside, regulating the level of substances in both directions, etc.
Metabolic Function: Vitamin D is synthesized in the skin and plays an essential role in lipid metabolism.
Aesthetic Function: The skin and its condition influence the image that others have of us, which is important in our relationship with society.
What Are Wrinkles?
Wrinkles are lines or folds in the skin that appear with age and are part of the normal aging process of the human being.
The first wrinkles, those popularly called expression lines, appear after the age of 25, although they can do so sooner or later depending on how expressive you are, the stress you have been subjected to, the care you have given to your skin, your genetics, etc. That is why it is essential that you follow some little tricks to take care of your skin.
Depending on the repetition of the expression and the care and quality of the skin, these marks will become more and more visible until they remain even when you are not gesturing. At that time we will call them wrinkles.
Why Do Wrinkles Appear?
Over time, some of the components that maintain the smoothness of your skin, such as collagen, elastin or hyaluronic acid, decrease in quantity so that the organization and structure of the skin tissue change and it ceases to be firm and uniform.
Collagen is lost at a rate of 1% every year from the age of 20, that is why it is approximately at 25 when we begin to notice the first signs of aging in the skin. The loss of collagen and elastin make your skin thinner and more fragile.
Hyaluronic acid is a compound with an enormous capacity to retain water, ensuring hydration, maintaining volume and providing structure to the skin. By losing quantity of this substance over time, its effects are reduced and density and volume are lost in the skin.
In addition to genetics and the passage of time, there are other factors that influence the appearance of wrinkles, accelerating their development:
Exposure to the sun: Solar radiation damages the skin and destroys elastin and collagen.
Dryness and / or dehydration
Your lifestyle, diet and habits (smoking, drinking alcohol ...)
What age do wrinkles appear?
More or less from around the age of 25 aging signs are started to become apparent on the surface of our skin. At the very beginning fine lines appear first and wrinkle, a loss of volume and a loss of elasticity become noticeable over time on our skin.
A variety of different reasons are made contribution for skin aging. Most of the causes of skin aging are natural and cannot be altered. However, several factors that helps skin to age prematurely, and these can be influenced. The lifestyle how you maintaining as well as skincare that can help to reduce the visible signs of skin aging and stop premature skinaging.
Now the important issues in this regard are, when do wrinkles start to appear, or where do the first wrinkles appear? Let’s discuss…
20 years - on the face there are still no wrinkles. At age 25: Fine wrinkles appear on the forehead and in the nasal folds. At age 30, the wrinkles already mentioned are accentuated and other fine wrinkles appear on the lower eyelid and on the temples.
Generally, between the ages of 20 and 30, women's skin looks older than that of men of the same age. At age 35, the furrows that determine the frontal wrinkles, under the lower eyelids, the crow's feet and the nasogenian folds become more intense and the wrinkles appear in front of the ears.
At the age of 40, almost all facial localization wrinkles have already appeared; cervicals are just beginning. At age 45 suborbital wrinkles are accentuated, while those in front of the ears tend to merge with neck wrinkles.
At age 50, dryness and wrinkling of the hand begin to become apparent; others insinuate themselves on the dorsum of the nose, the earlobe and the chin. At 55 years of age, the roughness and pigmentation of the back of the hands intensifies; at the root of the nose they are clearly visible, while others extend from the earlobe and the chin to the upper lip and the cervical wrinkles are also more accentuated.
At age 60, vertical wrinkles appear on the upper lip that resemble a barcode and we see looser skin on the cheeks.
At age 70, already deep facial wrinkles form an intricate set; in the skin of the back of the hands they are accentuated by lack of elasticity. At 80 years of age, radial perioral wrinkles characterize senile mouths; deep folds start from the chin to the clavicle marking the loose skin of the neck. A laxity of the skin of the eyelids is observed, which sometimes forces the forehead to be wrinkled to keep them raised.
In this order of ideas, we must accept that there is no organ that can suffer as many variants as the skin, not only between the different subjects, but in the different skin areas of each one and it can be affirmed that these variations are conditioned by factors individual biological organisms of a very diverse nature and by other environmental agents.
Tips to Prevent the Appearance of Wrinkles
Protect your skin from the sun and pollution. And is that according to some studies up to 80% of wrinkles are caused by the joint effects of both factors. If you want to avoid the appearance of wrinkles and spots, you should not forget to use adequate sun protection every day - yes, also in winter - and to apply it every two hours if you are exposed to the sun, or before going outdoors again.
Cleaning and hydrating the skin are also key to keeping it healthy and young. Cleaning twice a day is necessary to remove the remains of pollution, dirt, sebum or sweat that accumulate throughout the day and night, thus making the skin healthier and prepared for the whole day. . Keeping the skin properly hydrated and nourished will make it more elastic and better resist the alterations caused by external factors.
Avoid tobacco, since smoking accelerates the natural aging of the skin, increases the formation of wrinkles, and reduces the arrival of blood with oxygen and nutrients so that the tone and texture of the skin is lost. The substances present in tobacco smoke degrade collagen and elastin and the repeated gesture of smoking also makes the wrinkles around the lips more marked.
Eat a healthy diet, rich in fruits and vegetables that contain vitamins and antioxidants that are beneficial for your skin. Also, do not forget to drink between 1.5 and 2 liters of water daily to keep your body hydrated.